The Importance of Neighborhood Ties to Local Police: An Analysis of Victimization Rates abd Risk

Matthew P. Zevenbergen, University of Iowa
Maria B. Velez, University of Iowa

ABSTRACT
This project investigates the impact of neighborhood ties to the local police department on victimization rates and individuals victimization risk. We argue that neighborhoods with strong ties to the police are neighborhoods in which residents are more willing to control crime (public social control) and thereby reduce crime. We use the Police Services Study (1977) which has data on 60 neighborhoods in three cities (Rochester, NY; St. Petersburg, FL, and St. Louis, MO). Preliminary analyses show that victimization rates and risk are indeed lowest in neighborhoods with positive ties between neighborhoods and the local police. We discuss implications of this research for understanding how a neighborhoods ability to control crime is partly a function of ties to external actors such as the police.

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Updated 05/20/2006