Post-Prison Supervision in Ohio: A Descriptive Study of Violation Patterns and Agency Response

Brian D. Martin, Ohio Dept. of Rehabilitation & Correction
Senarath Dassanayaka, Ohio Dept. of Rehabilitation & Correction
Steve Van Dine, Ohio Dept. of Rehabilitation & Correction

ABSTRACT
The dramatic growth nationwide in prison releases and the related focus on prisoner re-entry have important implications for effective management of violation behavior among offenders under community supervision. Using data from a sample of supervision cases in Ohio, this paper presents critical baseline information about the extent and nature of that behavior and the overall range of administrative response among supervising officers and field staff. Specifically, the purpose of the study is to describe overall violation rates, the type of violations committed, and the violation histories of offenders with various supervision outcomes, distinguishing among noncompliance with the conditions of supervision and new criminal behavior. It also describes the nature of agency response to violation behavior, including severity of sanctions assessed and level of organizational response. The differences in these patterns are examined by type of prison release, offender risk, geographic region, and severity of violation. The study is based on a statewide sample of first-time releases to post-prison supervision and relies on detailed information manually coded from supervising officer files. The findings reveal important differences in the level and extent of violation patterns by release type. They also demonstrate that agency responses are generally commensurate with the level of violation behavior and risk of offender. The descriptive findings of the study and richness of the dataset provide a basis for more complex modeling of the dynamic sources of various supervision outcomes.

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Updated 05/20/2006