Permission to Hate: State Complicity in Enabling Native American Victimization

Barbara Perry, Northern Arizona University

ABSTRACT
Interviews with more than 200 Native Americans from 7 states, and representing 7 American Indian nations have revealed startling patterns of racial violence against this community. One factor that emerges to account for the persistence of this victimization is state complicity. This paper explores the myriad ways in which state actors facilitate a climate which confers "permission to hate" American Indians. Participants have reported activities ranging from willful blindness toward Native American victimization at one extreme, to police brutality at the other.

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Updated 05/20/2006