Bars, Blocks, and Crimes Re-Revisited

Eric S. Jefferis, Kent State University - ISPV
Mark S. Davis, Kent State University
Denn (Dennis W.) Roncek, University of Nebraska at Omaha

ABSTRACT
Place-based factors are essential to theories of routine activities, environmental criminology, and to restatements of more traditional criminological perspectives such as social disorganization theory. In addition, recent efforts to integrate routine activities and social disorganization perspectives have demonstrated the importance of geography to current criminological thought. Two early studies of routine activities demonstrated the deleterious effect that recreational liquor establishments had on the number of criminal incidents across Cleveland city blocks (Roncek and Bell 1981; and Roncek and Maier 1991). The current study continues this line of research by testing whether concentrations of liquor establishments are associated with higher levels of crime across Cleveland city blocks. The current study will replicate and extend Roncek and Maier's (1991) earlier work by examining the block-level effect of an integrated opportunity/social disorganization model.

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Updated 05/20/2006