Classic Strain Theory and Gender: The Case of Turkey

Yusuf Ziya Ozcan, Middle East Technical University
Ozden Ozbay, Nigde University

Test of classic strain theory (including class variables) on gender in relation to assault, school delinquency, public disturbance, and minor offenses are investigated in the case of Ankara, the capital of Turkey. Data for the study involve a two-stage stratified sample of high school students. The findings show that male and female delinquency converges and diverges on the basis of type of juvenile delinquency and strain/class variables. Concerning the convergences, perception of blocked opportunity has similar positive impact on assault for both males and females. Log of income has a positive effect on school delinquency for both genders. State occupational high school (a structural indicator of class variable) is associated inversely with public disturbance for both males and females. As for the divergences, such variables as middle social standing district, the gap between monetary aspiration and education expectation, private high school, fathers with middle and high school education, non-working mother, mother with high school education, state (classic) high school, perceived blocked opportunity, low social standing district, and mother with primary school education are significant for one gender but not significant for the other on the basis of the types of delinquency.

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Updated 05/20/2006