Examining Victimization, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Symptomatology, and Participation in Violent Activities in a Sample of Justice Offenders

Susan M. Crimmins, California State University/N.D.R.I.
Sandra C. Langley, N. D. R. I., Inc.
Sean D. Cleary, George Washington Univ. Medical Ctr.
Henry H. Brownstein, National Institute of Justice
Michael Chaple, N. D. R. I., Inc.

Despite growing evidence that a relationship exists between victimization and developing subsequent problems such as PTSD symptomatology and participating in violent illegal activities, there continues to be minimal research that examines these issues among juvenile offenders. Findings from a National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) -- funded study examining the link between drugs and violence among juvenile offenders are presented. Results from interviews with 359 juvenile offenders in the state of Maryland demonstrate that: 49% had full PTSD symptomatology and 31% had partial PTSD symptomatology. Results also suggest PTSD symptoms are associated with an increased participation in violent illegal activities. Discussion of these findings, implication for intervention, and recommendations for future research are highlighted.

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Updated 05/20/2006