Trafficking of Women and Children Out of and Into Nigeria: A Review of Literature

Godpower O. Okereke, Texas A&M University - Texarkana

Trafficking in human beings, especially, women and children, has become a major "enterprise" in recent years for organized crime syndicates across the globe partly due to the crackdown on drug trafficking and the amount of profit involved (Sandro Tucci, 20000). The U.S. State Department estimates that over 2 million people from Russia and other former Soviet Republics, Asia, South and Central American and Africa are trafficed each year. Preliminary investigations of human trafficking in Africa by UNICEF and Human Rights Watch and information released by other international organizations such as the International Labor Organization, United Nations, Organization fo African Unity, Economic Community of West African States, and International Organization for Migration reveal that Nigeria is a major source country for trafficked women and a source and destination of trafficked children. The purpose of this paper is to review the available literature on the trafficking of women and children from and to Nigeria in an effort to uncover the extent of this illicit trade, what has been done about it, what is being done and/or what needs to be done about it.

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Updated 05/20/2006