Revisiting the Influence of Jury Gender Composition on Capital Sentencing

M. Dwayne Smith, University of South Florida
Beth Bjerregaard, Univ. of North Carolina at Charlotte
Sondra J. Fogel, University of South Florida

ABSTRACT
In an earlier work, we reported findings that the gender composition of juries is associated negatively with decisions to impose a death sentence in capital murder cases, even when controlling for a set of legal factors known to influence death penalty decisions. An unreported follow-up study with an expanded dataset failed to replicate those results. Consequently, we revisit the influence of jury gender composition on death sentencing by analyzing an even larger sample of capital murder trails in North Carolina that contains a broader array of cases and associated factors available for control.

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Updated 05/20/2006