It's a Rave New World: Realizing the Importance of Population-Specific Ecstasy Interventions

George Yacoubian, Jr., Pacific Inst. for Research & Evaluation
Tanja C. Link, University of Georgia

Anecdotal reports have suggested that the use of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA or "ecstasy") is a prodigious problem across the United States. As the use of ecstasy increases, the implementation of prevention interventions is critical to combating its proliferation. In the current study, we review the literature on ecstasy prevalence to identify the populations most in need of ecstasy-related prevention interventions. The prevalence of ecstasy use among grade school students, high school students, household respondents, juvenile offenders, and rave attendees is explored. Our meta-analysis overwhelmingly suggests that rave attendees compose the primary population at high risk for ecstasy use and dependence. These findings suggest that prevention interventions and interdiction efforts should be tailored exclusively to this population.

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Updated 05/20/2006