Control Tactics and Binge Drinking in Relation to Intimate Partner Violence Against Native American Women: Findings From a Statewide Telephone Survey

Lorraine Halinka Malcoe, University of New Mexico
Elizabeth E. Ficek, University of New Mexico

Empirical data on prevalence and correlates of intimate partner violence (IPV) against Native American women are severely limited. This paper examines partner's control tactics and partner's and respondent's binge drinking in relation to past-year IPV against Native American women. We also assess variability in IPV by race/ethnicity. As part of a substance abuse needs assessment survey, telephone interviews were conducted with a random sample of adult Oklahoma women in November 1996 through January 1999. Data on past-year physical and sexual IPV victimization were collected from 650 Native American and 2,187 White women who were married or living in a marriage-like relationship. Five questions assessed partner's use of control tactics. Reported IPV prevalence was 4.3% (95% CI: 2.9, 6.2) for Native American and 3.6% (95% CI: 2.8, 4.5) for White women. In logistic regression analyses, number of control tactics (odds ration [1 vs, 0] = 5.8; OR [>1 vs. 0] = 26.1), binge drinking (OR [both partners binged vs. neither binged] = 7.1), and respondent's age (OR [18-36 vs. > 36 years] = 3.1) remained strongly associated with IPV against Native American women. The same three factors were associated with IPV against White women. Findings underscore the importance of control tactics as a risk factor for IPV in the general population.

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Updated 05/20/2006