Effects of Federal Firearms Transfer Restrictions on State-Level Homicide Rates

Richard L. Legault, University at Albany

Several Federal laws were enacted in 1994 to limit firearm availability and, in turn, to decrease firearm-related violence. The few studies that have examined the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act have been strongly criticized for their data and methodology. The potential effects of the Brady Act and other Federal restrictions on firearms transfers, including the Assault Weapons Ban and increased restrictions on Federal Firearms Licensees (FFL's), have yet to be fully analyzed. In order to address this gap in the research, the author conducted an interrupted time series (ARIMA) analysis of Federal firearms transfer restrictions on monthly state-level homicide rates, using Uniform Crime Report data for 1989 through 1999. The efficacy of the restrictions are examined and policy recommendations are suggested.

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Updated 05/20/2006