Neighborhood Disadvantage and Delinquency in Canada: A Multilevel Analysis

Robin Fitzgerald, Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics

ABSTRACT
In recent Canadian studies, researchers have used the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth (NLSCY) to examine the effect of neighbourhood context on early childhood problem behaviours (Boyle and Lipman 1998; Tremblay et al. 2001). Applying multilevel modeling techniques, this study extens earlier work on the NLSCY to include older youth and more serious delinquent behaviours. The study examines the effect of neighbourhood context on youth delinquency in Canada among a sample of 12-17 year olds, and in particular, assesses the impact of family versus neighbourhood socio-economic disadvantage on youth delinquency. Questions to be addressed include: What contribution does neighbourhood disadvantage in Canadian communities make toward self-reported delinquency, over and above either family disadvantage or individual characteritics? Is the effect of family disadvantage made worse when the neighbourhood is also disadvantaged?

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Updated 05/20/2006