Relationship Between Prior Arrest History, Addiction Treatment History, and Recent Drug Market Behavior Among Arrestees

Zhiwei Zhang, NORC at the University of Chicago
Dean R. Gerstein, NORC at the University of Chicago

ABSTRACT
Treatment admission and arrest represent competitive and complementary systems of intervention designed to affect drug use and criminal activityl. Using data from more than 70,000 interviews and urinalyses across three years of the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring program (2000-2002), we examine relationships between past history of arrests and addiction treatment and current patterns of drug use and drug market behavior. We focus on the following illicit drugs cocaine powder, crack cocaine, heroin, marijuana, and methamphetamine. The analysis uses the number and recency of prior arrests and the extent, characteristics, and timing of addiction treatment received to predict recent drug dependence, consumption and drug market participation among ADAM arrestees in 40 metropolitan areas, controlling for a number of demographic and geographic variables.

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Updated 05/20/2006