Integrated Theory Explaining Violence by Students Against Teachers

Shiyloh L. Duncan, Florida State University
Spencer D. Li, Florida State University
Guifeng Zhao, Florida State University
Xia Wang, Florida State University
Liu You, Florida State University

ABSTRACT
During the summers of 1966 and 1968, Chinese schools erupted in violence spawned by the ideology of the cultural revolution. Teachers and school administrators were routinely attacked, beaten, humiliated, tortured and killed. Although the movement was organized by the government, the killings and torture often occurred spontaneously and was initiated by students. There has been very little research on this topic, and it is unlikely that current individualistic theories of violence can be applied to the study of this phenomenon. Thus, the proposed paper will expound possible frameworks and perspectives that can explain this collective form of violence. Using Black's crime as social control theory (1983), other research on social and collective behavior, as well as extensive research on religious-based crime and youth violence we will construct an integrated theory to explain the extensive violence that occurred during the cultural revolution. The theory would be applicable to not only violent events of the cultural revolution, but also other types of crtimes against humanity in the world.

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Updated 05/20/2006