Representative Policing and Violence Toward the Police

Matthew J. Hickman, Bureau of Justice Statistics
Alex R. Piquero, University of Florida

ABSTRACT
This paper investigates the extent to which under-representation of minorites among police personnel, relative to the population served, predicts citizen violence toward the police. 434 large municipal police departments are studied, with data drawn from the BJS LEMAS program, FBI LEOKA program, and the Census Bureau.

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Updated 05/20/2006