Ethnic Differences in the Consequences of Adolescent Substance Use

Karl G. Hill, University of Washington
Kenyatta Etchison, University of Washington
J. David Hawkins, University of Washington
Richard F. Catalano, University of Washington

This study seeks to identify possible differential consequences of adolescent substance use on adult crime and other outcomes for different racial/ethnic groups. Prior work by this group (Hill, Newcomb, Hawkins & Catalano, 1998; Hill, Hawkins, Chung, Abbot & Newcomb, 2001; and Hill, White, Chung, Hawkins & Catalano, 2000) has examined the consequences of adolescent substance use on adult functioning. A number of studies have reported that the consequences associated with substance use may be more pronounced for African Americans and Hispanics as compared to European Americans (e.g., Ellickson et al, 1996; Prendergast, Hser & Rivas, 1998). The present study examines whether consequences of adolescent substance use differ for African American, Asian American and European American participants, and if so, what are the mechanisms of these differences. Data are drawn from the Seattle Social Development Project, a 15-year longitudinal study that has followed 808 youths from elementary school to adulthood. The differential consequences of adolescent substance use on adult outcomes for different racial/ethnic groups are examined through regression and multiple-group structural equation modeling. Ad with other papers in this panel, the Social Development Model is used as an explanatory framework.

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Updated 05/20/2006