The School Context as a Source of Self-Control

Michael G. Turner, Univ. of North Carolina at Charlotte
Alex R. Piquero, University of Florida
Travis C. Pratt, Washington State University

Researchers investigating Gottfredson and Hirschi's General Theory of Crime have primarily concentrated their efforts on the relationship between an individual's self-control and involvement in crime or analogous behaviors. Much less research has examined the potential sources of an individual's self-control. The extant research that has investigated this latter question has generally found parental socialization efforts to be an important contributor to the development of an individual's self-control. In this paper we develop an argument for the importance of exploring the contribution of the school context inthe development of self-control within individuals. In particular, we theoretically elaborate Gottfredson and Hirschi's position on this front by including school and teacher socialization practices in a larger model of the development of self-control. The theoretical and policy implications of our research are discussed.

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Updated 05/20/2006