Teenage and Youthful Offenders Confronting the Challenges and Opportunities of Re-Entry

David M. Altschuler, Johns Hopkins University
Rachel Brash, Johns Hopkins University

This paper will examine the challenges of reentry for teenage and youthful offenders. Six issues have been thus far identifed as constituting the thrust of the paper. First, reentry will be defined with a broader "reintegration" paradigm. Second, the intersection of chronological age and legal status will be described. Third, the intersection of chronoololgical age and stages of adolescent/youth development will be highlighted. Fourth, the mission and purpose of institutional and community corrections, along with the inherent tensions and barriers between the two, will be discussed. Fifth, eight domains will be explored from the perspective of risk factors and resilience related to the reentry process. The eight domains are:

1) Family and living arrangement 2 Peer group, including male-female relationships and sexuality 3) Mental health and behavioral matters 4) Education and schooling 5) Vocational training and employment 6) Illicit drug use, substance abuse, and underage drinking 7) Physical health 8) Leisure time, recreation, and avocational interests

Particular attention will be given to the eight domains in terms of developmentally-appropriate and age-specific considerations. Finally, the paper will close with a discussion of the implications for renetry policy. The challenges and opportunities within a developmental context will be outlined.

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Updated 05/20/2006