Predictors of Post-Intake and Post-Program Recidivism in Drug Court Treatment: Findings From Five New York State Adult Drug Courts

Amanda Cissner, Center for Court Innovation
Melissa Labriola, Center for Court Innovation
Dana Fox, Center for Court Innovation
Michael Rempel, Center for Court Innovation

ABSTRACT
New drug treatment courts continue to open throughout New York State, with twenty-eight new drug courts opening in the year begween October 2001 and September 2002. With nearly 4,000 new defendants entering the drug court during this year, it is increasingly critical to understand the level to which these alternative-to-incarceration progrtams are attaining their tated goals, including reduced recidivism. This study compares recidivism rates, as well as predictors of in-program and post-program recidivism among participant of five diverse drug courts throughout New York State: Brooklyn, Bronx, Queens, Suffolk, and Syracue. These courts represent a variety of settings and a diverse defendant population. The study examines two dependent variables: recidivism incidents within two years of drug-court intake and recidivism within one or two years after program completion (one year in three courts and two years in one court). A variety of independent variables are analyzed for relationships with recidivism, including demographic and socioeconomic data, substance abuse history, prior criminal activity, measures of the degree of legal coercion, and in-program factors . Through bivariate analysis and logistic regression, key variables impacting recidivism in each of the five courts are identified. Trends are noted and policy implications are discussed.

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Updated 05/20/2006