The Impact of Participation and Completion of a Seamless System of Supervision and Treatment on Recidivism and Employment Outcomes

Meridith Thanner, University of Maryland at College Park
Faye S. Taxman, University of Maryland at College Park

ABSTRACT
Offenders involved with the criminal justice system, particularly those struggling with substance abuse addiction, exact a significant economic toll on the community correctional systems that supervise them and the public health systems that provide them with needed treatment services. In light of these particular issues confronted by drug offenders as they seek to reintegrate back into society, the community criminal jujstice system serves as a unique locus for the integration of supervision and drug treatment services. This ability to provide a continuum of care, or a seamless system of care, for drug offenders through the collaborative effortse of supervision and treatment agencies serves as a critical component in whether or not successful completion of all supervisionr equirements are achieved, and supports improved individual outcomes beyond those achieved when services are disparate and disconnected. As part of a multi-site blocked randomized (and quasi) experiment, interview and official data were collected on clients who either participated in traditional supervision services or a seamless system of supervision and treatment to test the impact of such participation on post-treatment outcomes, specifically recidivism and employment. Preliminary findings suggest that completion of the seamless system of supervision, not merely participation, significantly improves post-treatment outcomes.

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Updated 05/20/2006