A Comparative Study of the Implementation Process of the Comstat Approach Between the Newark Police Department, U.S. and the Military Police Department in Belo Horizonte, Brazil

Elenice de Souza, Rutgers University

ABSTRACT
The Comstat model has been identified as one of the most important reasons for the efficacy of the NYPD on crime reduction in New York City. As a result, the Comstat model has been implemented by many police departments in the U.S. and other countries. The current study aims at comparing the implementation of the Comstat approach between the Newark Police Department, New Jersey, U.S. and the Military Police Department in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. The main goal is examine the effectiveness of the Comstat approach in crim prevention and problem solving and its impact on organizational behavior and police accountability at the police precinct ledvel. Belo Horizonte is the first city to adopt the Comstat approach from the United States in the Military Police Department in Brazil where it has been operating since 2000. Research data were collected from secondary sources, such as police records and crime reports. Additional data include systematic and ethnographic observations of police activity, regular attendance at the Comstat meetings, community meetings, and interviews with the command staff, patrol officers, and detectives in both police departments in the study. The impact of the Comstat model on police across culture, its strengths and weaknesses on crime prevention and reduction will be discussed. Police implications for both cities are recommended.

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Updated 05/20/2006