Motivation in the Community Policing Era: Application of Expectancy Model

Sunghoon Roh, Sam Houston State University

This study starts with a fundamental question: why don't we pay much attention to police officers who take charge of the actualization of the ideas of community policing on the street? Even though there is no doubt that the successful implementation of community policing depend much on performances achieved by individual police officers in the field, agencies tend to take it granted that officers are ready to accept and accomplish any new policy if it is well constructed and provided. In other words, an officer fully motivated to conduct community policing tasks are regarded as a constant rather than a variable. In this study, "the expectancy model" is applied to explain the various elements that have an effect on community policing officers' motivation. The focus is centered on how differs the motivation of community policing officers from that of traditional policing officers. Finally, this study suggests several strategies to enhance officers' motivation in accordance with the community policing era.

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Updated 05/20/2006