Losing Ground: Gender, Responsibility, and Parole Risk

Kelly Hannah-Moffat, University of Toronto at Missisauga

I examine how the many of the gains made by federally sentenced women in Canada in relation to the recognition of women's experiences (including ethnocultural sensitivity) and holistic correctional approaches are compromised, and subtly undermined by generic and seemingly neutal risk management practices. Using 251 parole case files, I show how structural and social context factors are reconfigured as risk factors (histories of abuse, parental responsibilities, self injury, poverty), which women are responsible for managing in custody and upon release.

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Updated 05/20/2006