Multi-Level Model of School and Individual Influences on Delinquent Behavior

Gary D. Gottfredson, Gottfredson Associates, Inc.
Denise C. Gottfredson, University of Maryland at College Park
Allison Ann Payne, The College of New Jersey
Emily Monaco, University of Maryland at College Park

ABSTRACT
The contribution of school organizational characteristics on school crime and disorder was illustrated in School Climate Predictors of School Disorder: Results from the National Study of delinquency Prevention in Schools (Golttfredson, Gottfredson, Payne, and Gottfredson, 2002). Controlling for community factors and student composition factors within the school, the results of this school-level study indicate that student delinquency and teacher victimization is largely attributed to school climate characteristics as opposed to community or aggregate student factors. In contrast, student victimization is largely attributed to community and student factors as opposed to the school climate characteristics. The objective of this project is to extend the results of Gottfredson, et al.'s (2002) paper and focus on predictors of student delinquency in a multi-level model. We will examine the contribution of school and community factors, the amount of prevention programming, and individual exposure to prevention programs on individual delinquency. We will examine the amount of student exposure to different types of prevention programs and their effects on risk and protective factors such as peer influence, attachment to school, perceptions of fairness of rules, perceptions of the clarity of rules, belief in conventional rules, and commitment to education. hierrarchical Linear Modeling (HLM) will be used.

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Updated 05/20/2006