When and Where are Our Children Safe? An Exploratory Study on Juvenile Victimization and Delinquency

David A. Soule', University of Maryland at College Park

A series of recent reports highlighted the fact that official arrest records suggests juveniles commit crimes and are victims of crimes at different tiems than adults (e.g. Snyder and Sickmund, 1999; Sickmund et al., 1997). Analyses of official crime data reported in the FBI National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) have indicated that juvenile serious violent crime peaks between 2 p.m. and 6 p.m. on school days, the hours just after school is dismissed while adult serious violent crime peaks at 11 p.m. Similarly, data from the National Crime Victimization Survey (Snyder and Sickmund, 1999) highlighted the fact that juveniles were at the highest risk of being a victim of a violent crime between noon and 6 p.m. This paper examines the self-reported victimization and delinquency of a sample of approximately 1000 juvenile participants in the evaluation of the Maryland After School Opportunity Fund Program (MASOFP). More specifically, this paper examines the impact of time of day on the types of crimes committed by and against juveniles, as well as the compounding factors related to delinquent behavior and juvenile victimization.

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Updated 05/20/2006