The Juvenilization of Criminal Court: Implications for Justice Policy and Research

Joseph B. Sanborn, University of Central Florida

Currently, there is a two-front war being waged upon the boundary of criminal court. The one front is being fought in juvenile court and involves that forum's invasion of territory historically belonging exclusively to criminal court. The primary example of this is juvenile court's extended jurisdiction that entails its retaining jurisdiction over youth well into their adulthood. The second front is being waged in criminal court and involves that forum's operating like a juvenile court in disguise. The primary examples of this are reversing transfer procedures that have sent youth to criminal court and engaging in sentencing that resembles the disposition process of juvenile court. This paper examimes these measures as well as their implications in terms of justice and the research of outcomes in both courts.

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Updated 05/20/2006