An Analysis of a National Survey of Juvenile Correctional Institutions in Taiwan

Chen-nan Huang, Department of Corrections in Taiwan
Shr-chi Jou Jou, Department of Corrections in Taiwan
Yung-Lien Lai, Department of Corrections in Taiwan

There are now in Taiwan four juvenile correctional institutions; two reformatory schools and two correctional schools. In July of 1999 two of the institutions were converted into "Correctional Schools" in an attempt to enhance the efficiency of Taiwan's juvenile justice system. In order to evaluate these two categories of institutions, a national survey focusing on the comparative effectiveness of the two forms of juvenile corrections institutions was conducted in 2003. Based on official statistics, comparison of recidivism rates reveals no significant difference between these two forms of juvenile correctional institutions. However the cost per juvenile in the "Correctional Schools" (US $14,485/year) is far higher than in the Reformatory Schools (US $8,945/year). Findings from this study provide important information for planners in determining whether the other two reformatory schools should be converted to Correctional Schools. This random sampling has resulted in 180 juvenile subjects and 159 staff valid for the study's analysis. The survey was also administered to students and staff in an attempt to identify which correctional model plays a more important role in Taiwan's juvenile justice practice. Stratified sampling was the primary method used to select representative cases from all four juvenile institutions in Taiwan. The main variables included in the study were measures associated with juvenile's perception of the institutional strain and social bonds.

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Updated 05/20/2006