1-Year Return to Custody Rates of Men and Women Parolees From Prison-Based TC Treatment

Nena Messina, UCLA Drug Abuse Research Center
William M. Burdon, UCLA Drug Abuse Research Center
Michael L. Prendergast, UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs

ABSTRACT
The purpose of this study is to identify critical factors that are related to the reincarceration rates of men and women offenders who paroled from prison TC treatment programs. Extensive treatment intake interviewed data for 4,509 women and 3,595 men from 15 prison-based TCs in California was compared using chi-square analyses, t-tests, and logistic regression analyses. Intake data come from a five-year process and outcome evaluation of the California Department of Corrections' Prison Treatment Expansion Initiative. The return-to-custody data come from the CDCs Offender Based Information System (OBIS). Logistic regression analyses were conducted separately for men and women to indicate which factors were associated with a return-to-custody within 12-months from parole. Results show that drug-dependent men and womdn differ with regard to their employment histories, substance abuse problems, criminal involvement, psychological functioning, and sexual and physical abuse histories prior to incarceration. After controlling for these baseline differences between men and women, preliminary regression findings showed that psychological impairment was the strongest predictor of recidivism for both men and women. Preliminary findings indicate the need for a more comprehensive psychological assessment at intake to assess the diverse psychological needs of drug-dependent offenders.

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Updated 05/20/2006