Interagency Priorities at the Crossroads: Aftercare Among Drug Users

Bernadette Pelissier, Federal Bureau of Prisons
Timothy P. Cadigan, Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts

There has been considerable discussion in the literature of the need to provide aftercare services for individuals who receive drug treatment while incarcerated. Because some prison systems operate within a context where post-prison responsibilities fall to an agency other than the agency responsible for an individual during incarceration, the issues surrounding continuity of care are oftentimes unknown. Drug treatment services and level of supervision are examined among a cohort of approximately 25,000 individuals released in 1999 from the Federal Bureau of Prisons to supervision by a U.S. Probation officer. The tracking of treatment received during and after incarceration was facilitated by data sharing among two federal agencies. Information on drug treatment services includes prison-based residential treatment, outpatient drug treatment during halfway house placements and drug treatment provided while under post-release supervision. Models are developed to predict drug aftercare and the analyses include an assessment of the extent to which aftercare is prioritized for those who completed residential drug treatment while incarcerated. Recommendations for interagency information sharing and service planning will be discussed.

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Updated 05/20/2006