Session 419: PP93 -> Explanatory Factors of Offending: Exploring Potential Interaction Effects
Time: 9:30AM to 11:00 AM on Friday, November 15
Place: Crystal
Session Chair: Per-Olof H. Wikstrom, Cambridge University
There is a large body of research in criminology demonstrating a range of stable individual and community factors correlation to offending. The likelihood of offending is significantly correlated to individual characteristics and life-styles. Offending rates vary by neighbourhood contextual characteristics. However, it may be argued that our understanding of how different explanatory factors intereact in producing offending behaviour is still rather rudimentary. The unifying theme of this panel is the exploration of potential interaction effects between key explanatory factors. The first paper concerns interaction effects at the level of the individuals structural position, specifically between gender and ethnicity. The findings shows that the lower level of offending by youths of Asian origin is explained by a very low rate of offending by Asian females only. The main argument of the paper being that the view of "Asian culture" as a general "protective factor" for offending may need to be modified. The second paper deals with the interaction between individual characteristics, life-styles and neighbourhood contexts. The findings shows a strong interaction effect by individual risk-protective characteristics and life-style risk. The key argument of the paper is that life-style as a risk factor for offending operates differently for different groups of adolescents classified by their risk-protective characteristics. The final paper deals with how situational provocation and individual characteristics influence decision-making. The findings show an interaction effect between individual characteristics and level of provocation. The main argument of the paper being that the likelihood of reating violently to different levels of provocation in a public setting vary by individual characteristics.
The Low Rate of Offending by Asian Girls: Exploring the Interaction by Gender and Ethnicity
by: David Butterworth, University of Cambridge (Corresponding)
Propensity-Induced, Life-Style Dependent and Situationally Limited Adolescent Offenders: Exploring the Interaction Effects Between Individual Risk, Life-Style Risk and Neighbourhood Risk
by: Per-Olof H. Wikstrom, Cambridge University (Corresponding)
Aggressive Behaviour in a Public Setting: The Influences of Provocation and Personality on the Decision-Making Process
by: Jon Olafsson, University of Cambridge (Corresponding)
Julie Horney, University at Albany

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Updated 05/20/2006