International Crime and Victims Survey in a Theoretical, Methodological and Broad Societal Context

Patrick Hebberecht, Ghent University

ABSTRACT
In this contribution the theoretical criminological insights and the methodological assumptions, lying behind the 'International Crime Victimisation Survey' are studied. At the basis of the international crime victimisation surveys we find theoretical insights and methodological assumptions, which were developed in the eighties and nineties within the institutional framework of the British Home Office and the Dutch Ministry of Justice. North American conservative criminological theories have strongly influenced these theoretical and methodological developments. Following Jock Young these theoretical criminological insights are labelled as 'new administrative criminology'. This is a neo-liberal governmental answer to the etiological crisis in the social-positivist criminology as well as to the crisis in the police and the criminal reaction on crime. Since the eighties the 'new administrative criminology' has had a strong and increasing influence on the security policy of a growing number of countries and has thus developed into a global neo-liberal theory on crime and crime control. As a research and policy supporting instrument the 'International Crime Victimisation Surveys' have made a strong contribution to this devleopment.

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Updated 05/20/2006