Social Support, Gender, and Inmate Misconduct

Shanhe Jiang, Grambling State University

ABSTRACT
The average rate of growth for incarcerated female inmates (7.6%)in the United States surpassed that of male (5.9%) from 1990 to 2000. By yearend 2000, 91,612 women were in state or federal prisons. In spite of the above statistics, studies exploring female inmate misconduct have not garnered enough attention. This study focuses on social support, gender, and inmate misconduct. The specific question is whether the effect of social support on inmate misconduct is gender-based. The limited previous studies of female offenders on the street and female prisoners in prison appear to suggest that the effect of social support on prisoner behavior may be varied by gender. However, the previous studies of female prisoners are primarily qualitative and have a narrow scope of sample. Using a nationwide data set from the 1997 Survey of Inmates of States and Federal Correctional Facilities in the United States, the study is to test the relationship among social support, gender, and inmate misconduct.

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Updated 05/20/2006