Punitivity in Japan

Elmer H. Johnson, Southern Illinois University - Carbondale

This paper will present data regarding the same two groups of felons (those who aresentenced to prison and those who are sentenced to community programs) forJapan. The distinctive characteristics of both groups will be closely examined,and their differences with one another will be noted and controlled incomputing a ratio of punitivity for Japan.

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Updated 05/20/2006