Differences in Drug, Property, Violent, and Other Offenses Among Arrestees

Zhiwei Zhang, National Opinion Research Center
Dean R. Gerstein, NORC at the University of Chicago
Henry H. Brownstein, National Institute of Justice

ABSTRACT
There are numerous studies on the nexus between drugs and crime, but few on the relationship between retail drug market behavior and other criminal offenses, particularly in a comparative framework across diverse geographic regions. Using the newly redesigned Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) program database, this study examines concatenated probability samples of 38,546 offenders who were arrested and interviewed during 2000 and 2001 in 34 metropolitan areas in 26 states in the continental and off-shore United States. In particular, we investigate models that use self-reported and biologically assayed drug use at the time of arrest, official arrest record information, and other interview data to account for differences among arrestees in terms of their violent offenses, property offenses, drug-related offenses, and various combinations of offenses. Multinomial logit models, with attended areal nesting effects, will be used to examine the differentiated associations between criminal offenses and behavioral attributable characteristics such as arrest history, hard-core drug use, other drug and alcohol use patterns, frequencies and circumstances of buying drugs, race and ethnicity, age and other control variables. These results will be presented in the context of the diversity of drug market characteristics geographically. We will review implications for strategies for controlling criminal activities.

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Updated 05/20/2006