Globalization in the U.S.: Feminist Explorations of the Implications for Criminal Justice Policy

Mona J.E. Danner, Old Dominion University
Nancy A. Wonders, Northern Arizona University

Globalization generally refers to the significant economic transformations that have characterized the past several decades: much of the literature has focused on globalization in developing nations. However, globalization has also taken hold in the U.S. and effects social structures and public policy. This paper presents a feminist exploration of globalization within the United States and the implications for criminal justice policy. Economic transformations have been accompanied by a changing role for the state, particularly the way that the decline of state welfare functions has corresponded with heightened repressive functions leading to increasing inequality for some populations, increased criminalization of personal adaptation strategies, and the growth of social control and incarceration. Globalization has also created new opportunities for collective action and social movement activity via new information technologies. Increased repression and resistance are both marked by gender, race/ethnic, and class divides and bridges.

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Updated 05/20/2006