Treatment and Services Usage Among Juvenile and Adult Offenders

Lisa Spahr, University of Pittsburgh
Elizabeth Cauffman, University of Pittsburgh
Jennifer Skeem, University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Outcry for rehabilitation and/or punishment of juvenile offenders has increased the need for appropriate treatment and services. In order to address the needs of this population, it is imperative that we examine the treatment and services utilized by offenders. This presentation will describe differences in the number, type (drug/alcohol or emotional need and setting) and helpfulness of treatments and services by (1) adult offenders (2) adolescent offenders in the juvenile justice system and (3) adolescents who have been transferred to the adult system. Adult offenders will be fairly matched with juvenile offenders, using juvenile offenses committed by the adults, for an historical perspective of the changes made in service accessibility over the decade. Further, the sample will include psychopaths in each age group to address the issue of whether psychopaths receive services and, if so, how they view these services. Findings will address the potential disproportionate receipt of services between (a) adults and adolescents, and more importantly, (b) between adolescent psychopaths and nonpsychopaths. Despite the assumption that psychopathic kids are untreatable, there is evidence of a dose-response effect for adolescents who have received high scores on the PCL:YV. This presentation will be vital in understanding the current service accessibility, utilization, and helpfulness in the offenders' communities. This work will facilitate future discussions on where treatment and services should be directed for increased success.

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Updated 05/20/2006