Comparative Study of Crime Problems After Two Great Earthquakes: Hanshin-Awaji Great Earthquake and Kanto Great Earthquake

Mari Hirayama, Kwansei Gakuin University

ABSTRACT
My paper will compare the criminality after two great earthquakes in Japan, namely the Hanshin-Awaji Great Earthquake in Kobe area in 1995 and the Kanto Great Earthquake in Tokyo area in 1923. But there are significant differences between them. There were many riots that lead to crimes and even attacks and massacre against minority people, especially Korean residents, after the Kanto Great Earthquake in 1923. However, as reported by media, there were less crimes after the Hanshin-Awaji Great Earthquake than many people expected. And it can be said that people acted very calmly after the earthquake in 1995. This presenter will analyze in what changes in our society reduce crime after the earthquake in 1995. In particular, my paper will focus on victim support systems which have rapidly progressed in Japan after the Kobe Great Earthquake in 1995. Since then, we have become aware of the importance of mental support for victims.

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Updated 05/20/2006