|Right after the Hanshin-Awaji Great Earthquake in 1995, community leaders organized neighborhood watch activities, including night patrolling, day patrolling, increasing streetlights, surveillance and monitoring risky spots. My paper will analyze the activities in detail. When did they start and how long did they last? How did they react to likely crimes and criminals during patrolling? Were the activities independent of the police or local government? I collected the data from questionnaire surveys to community leaders (heads of neighborhood associations) and their interviews. My paper will suggest some theoretical implications especially effectiveness of "anomie vs. synnomie perspective" by Freda Adler to understand the neighborhood watch activities after the Great Earthquake.
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