Re-Examining the Relationship Between Unemployment Rates and Crime Rates From 1966 to 2000 in Taiwan

Shr-chi Jou

There are few studies that address the effect of unemployment on crime rate in Taiwan. Deng at al (1994) argued that the government not providing benefits to low-income unemployed families related to the failure of support for the routine activity theory. The unemployment rate has a positive effect on the crime rate in Taiwan. However, Taiwan's government provided unemployment insurance and benefit for unwilling employees. Since the unemployed people have the short-term financial support, the researcher argues that the relationship between unemployment and crime is negative, and consistent with opportunity theory. It is necessary to re-evaluate the theory in the recent circumstances. This study also takes Chinese culture into account. Applying to routine activities theory, the unemployment may not have significant impact on crime rates due to cultural factors.

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Updated 05/20/2006