The California Prison Treatment Expansion Initiative: Participant Characteristics, Recidivism, and Predictors of Outcome

William M. Burdon, UCLA Drug Abuse Research Center
Nena Messina, University of California, Los Angeles
Michael Prendergast, UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs

Based on the early Amity prison therapeutic community (TC) positive outcomes, the California Department of Corrections has implemented approximately 9,000 beds devoted to TC substance abuse treatment, which are spread over 35 programs in 19 prisons. The UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs is conducting 5-year process and outcome evaluations on 15 of these programs at 10 prisons, totaling 3,300 beds for men and women at all custody levels. Using client-level, treatment participation, and return to custody (RTC) data, this paper will (1) present descriptive statistics relating to client characteristics and treatment participation in both prison- and community-based treatment (i.e., aftercare), (2) explore factors that may be predictors of participation in aftercare following release from prison, (3) examine RTC rates among parolees from prison-based TC programs who entered aftercare compared with those who did not, and (4) explore other client-level factors that may act predict RTC rates among parolees from prison-based TC programs (e.g., mental illness, sex offender status, substance abuse/dependence diagnosis).

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Updated 05/20/2006