Gender Sensitive Drug Treatment for Women With Children: One-Year Outcomes

Gretchen R. Ruth, The Pennsylvania State University
William R. Morgan, Cleveland State University

This outcome-based study focuses on the short-term effects of gender sensitivity as a critical component in the treatment of women with children who are addicted to crack cocaine and other substances. We used personal interview data obtained from 250 low-income women in the Cleveland Treatment Sample at their onset of treatment between1995-1998 and again one year later to determine the effectiveness of varying treatment programs. Using latent-variable structural equation modeling, we found that entry into gender-sensitive treatment was more likely among women high in intrinsic motivation, in drug use level, and low in home resources for their children. Controlling these selection factors, as well as duration of treatment, women who entered the more gender-sensitive of 12 treatment programs had significantly more hours of aftercare activity, which in turn resulted in reduced drug use.

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Updated 05/20/2006