Correlates and Consequences of Parenting Styles: Effects on Adolescent Delinquency, Substance Abuse, and Educational Outcomes

Steven D. Whitney, University of Washington
Emiko A. Tajima, University of Washington
Todd I. Herrenkohl, University of Washington
Bu Huang, University of Washington

Child social and emotional development occurs in the context of the family system. Within that system, parenting practices play an important role in healthy child development. The literature on parenting and child development describes several parenting styles. Most commonly discussed are four approaches identified as: Authoritative, Authoritarian, Permissive, and Unengaged (or neglecting) parenting. Using data from the Lehigh Longitudinal Study, we examine factors related to these four parenting styles, including discipline practices associated with each. Additional analyses investigate the impact of parenting style on adolescent outcomes such as violence, substance abuse, and delinquency, depression, and education, controlling for child maltreatment. This study enhances understanding of different parenting practices and their effects on children and seeks to inform parent education to enhance positive parenting. Findings will be discussed in relation to current literature.

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Updated 05/20/2006