Maltreatment, Revictimization, and Outcomes for Young Adult Women in the Rochester Youth Development Study

Carolyn A. Smith, University at Albany
Timothy O. Ireland, Niagara University
Terence P. Thornberry, University at Albany

ABSTRACT
Results from several longitudinal studies converge in finding that childhood maltreatment is a risk factor for a range of problem outcomes in adulthood. Previous investigations employing Rochester Youth Development Study (RYDS) data have utilized substantiated incidents of maltreatment (20% in this sample) as the indicator of maltreatment: In the current analysis, we investigate the role of self-reported maltreatment in addition to official maltreatment on the young adult antisocial behavior of young women. We employ data from RYDS, a longitudinal investigation of the development of problem behaviors in a high-risk urban sample of 1,000 urban youth followed from age 13 into adulthood. Subjects are 68% African American, 17% Hispanic, and 15% White. The sample for this analysis is the 27% of RYDS subjects who are female. In this analysis we identify cases where adolescents report or have an official record of revictimization, and compare outcomes among those with multiple victimization experiences versus single episodes. Outcomes explored in young adulthood include arrest, drug use, partner violence, and self-reported offending. We control for confounding variables, including gender, poverty, family structure, and race/ethnicity in our analyses. Implications for theory and intervention in the life course of young women are discussed.

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Updated 05/20/2006