|As of December 31, 2001, the overall Texas prison population (148,636 inmates) was the second largest in the United States. In addition, during
this same year the Texas female prison population was the largest in the United States with approximately 13,867 inmates housed in eleven female only units and four units housing both males and female inmates. The following paper will examine the history of women incarcerated in Texas prisons during the 20th century, reviewing the conditions in which this often small population lived and worked as well as the substantial increase in both the female inmate population and the increase in the number of facilities utilized to house this every growing group.
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