|This paper reports on an ongoing randomized study of the effectiveness of The Strengthening Washington D.C. Families Project (described in the previous paper). The study, funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse, randomly assigns families of children between the ages of seven and eleven to one of four conditions: parent's skills training, children's skills training, family skills training, or minimal contact. The study compares the effects of each of the three training conditions on measures of child self control, rebellious behavior, attitudes about substance use, and academic performance as well as on family bonding and management and substance use of parents and children. With only a little more than half of the desired families enrolled in the study, the preliminary analyses testing 28 a priori hypotheses about relative magnitude of effects across the four conditions suggest no differential effects. Insufficient dosage and an inappropriate client population due to the recruitment difficulties are among the hypothesized reasons for the null findings. This presentation will report results of analyses to explore these hypotheses.
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