The Influence of Returning Gang Member Inmates on Local Gang Problemss

James C. Howell, National Youth Gang Center
H. Arlen Egley, Jr., National Youth Gang Center
Aline K. Major, National Youth Gang Center

Since 1996, the National Youth Gang Center (NYGC) has conducted annual surveys of a nationally representative sample of more than 3,000 law enforcement agencies. The 2001 National Youth Gang Survey asked a series of questions concerning the affect of gang members who return from confinement on local gang problems. This paper contains an analysis of survey respondents' estimation of the number and age of returning gang members; the effect of returning gang inmates on specific aspects of local gang problems such as drug trafficking, illegal gun access, and violence; and the availability of re-entry programs for such inmates.

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Updated 05/20/2006