Identity and Adolescent Drug Use: The Influence of Reflected Appraisals by Teachers

David Brownfield, University of Toronto
Kevin Thompson, North Dakota State University

ABSTRACT
In this paper, we study the relationship between the academic identity of high school students and drug use. Academic identity is measured in terms of the students' perceptions of their ability and the reflected appraisals of their teachers. Additional measures of identity, such as peer reflectted appraisals, are also analyzed. The various measures of identity, based on symbolic interactionist theory, are significant correlates of adolescent drug use.

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Updated 05/20/2006