Are Social Cohesion and Collective Efficacy Related to Victims' Resource Assess Decision Making in Response to Crime: A Multi-Variate Model of Victim Access Patterns to Resources

Raymond R. Corrado, Simon Fraser University
Irwin M. Cohen, Simon Fraser University
Dan Beavon, Dept. of Indian & Northern Development

ABSTRACT
There is a growing body of research on how social cohesion and collective efficacy function to create a sense of community and agency among people. However, there is a paucity of research on whether social cohesion and collective efficacy effect how victims of crime access services in response to a victimization experience. Based on a sample of 1000 victims of crime in a major urban centre, this paper will present a multi-variate model that will outline a series of independent variables, such as age, education, socio-economic status, type of victimization, victim-offender relationship, victim's drug and alcohol problem profile, and perceptions of the responses by criminal justice agents, that are related to victims' decisions to access a wide range of community resources. In addition, this model will include the intervening relationship of social cohesion and collective efficacy on this decision making process. Based on Robert Sampson's work on social cohesion and collective efficacy and crime patterns, we hypothesize that higher levels of social cohesion and collective efficacy are related to higher levels of victims' access to resources in the community. Our model will attempt to distinguish the following four types of victim access patterns: high access, moderate access, low access, and no access.

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Updated 05/20/2006