The Effects of Adolescent Delinquency and Drug Use on Adult Employment: An Analysis of Developmental Trajectories

Craig Rivera, Niagara University'Department of Criminal

ABSTRACT
This study will investigate the effects of different developmental patterns of adolescent delinquency and drug use on employment patterns of adolescent delinquency and drug use on employment during early adulthood. Data from the Rochester Youth Development Study, a panel study that followed a sample of at-risk urban youth from early adolescence to adulthood, will be used to conduct the analyses. Based on the life-course perspective in general, and more specifically on interactional theory, it is hypothesized that the development of delinquency and drug use will have negative consequences for early adult employment, both directly and indirectly. Taking a process-oriented approach, trajectories of adolescent delinquency and drug use will be identified in this sample using the semi parametric mixture model procedure developed by Nagin and Land. Following this, the relationship between trajectory group membership and percent time unemployed will be examined. The extent to which this relationship is mediated by social capital, human capital, and criminal embeddedness will be estimated as well. Factors that could independently cause both delinquency and unemployment (e.g., social structure, temperament problems) will be controlled.

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Updated 05/20/2006