OSHA's "Recommendations for Workplace Violence Prevention Programs in Late-Night Retail Establishments" -- Do They "Work"

Patrick D. Walsh, Loyola University in New Orleans

ABSTRACT
In reaction to the perceived amount of violent crime perpetrated upon employees of retail establishments, the Occupational and Safety Health Administration, a division of the U.S. Department of Labor in 1998 established prevention programs to reduce these types and amounts of violence. The guidelines, "Recommendations for Workplace Violence Prevention Programs in Late-Night Retail Establishments"- included multiple interventions and recommendations for their implementation. However, as in earlier attempts at legislating robbery prevention programs, many of the interventions were not based on empirical research. In the present research OSHA recommendations were reviewed using Sherman et al (1997) scientific standard levels, to assess the validity of the various interventions. The research revealed that many of the interventions did not meet the necessary criteria necessary to establish their scientific validity.

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Updated 05/20/2006